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Socio Economic Factor & Development
  • With over four million Afghan refugees and irregular migrants living in Iran and Pakistan and the host governments expressing their intention for the return of all these Afghan nationals in the coming years, it is crucial to strengthen the absorptive capacity of receiving communities and create viable livelihood options for their sustainable reintegration in today’s Afghanistan

  • While positive indicators of the rebuilding efforts as seen in the health and education sectors are on course, Afghanistan still faces major challenges: the security situation is volatile in general and extremely volatile in specific provinces; and there is a serious shortage of housing and employment opportunities. Afghan refugees and labor migrants choosing or forced to return to Afghanistan generally wish to return to the places of origin which they have left or were forced to flee. Returning home, where this is possible, is often a key step in their reintegration process. However, returning Afghans may find their land or homes occupied by others in the context of a weak Afghan economy which led to the impoverishment of much of the Afghan population.

  • Victim Assistance in Afghanistan is complex, cross cutting, and set against an environment of high unemployment, challenged health care services, cultural stigma and limited educational opportunities. The Government of Afghanistan, despite these challenges is committed to creating an equal society with equal access to all available public services and to the provision of the best assistance to persons with disability, including those disabled by landmines and explosive remnants of war. It is with this in mind that the Government of Afghanistan has strived for the integration of survivor programs within the broader context of disability and disability services in order to create inclusive policies and programs that ensure the rights and dignity of all people with disability

  • Taking into consideration the immediate requirement of the completion of rebuilding Afghanistan, the concept of Small Business Units (SBU’s) to ensure immediate start up and help the locals get employment immediately can be second to none in providing local development. The government ns almost all the countries across the world is quite apprised of the fact that the small business sector is indeed an important part of economy and this sector faces a lot of problems as far as the finance requirements are concerned

  • About five million Afghans have returned since the fall of the Taliban in 2001. Some three million remain abroad.

  • There has been massive internal displacement, especially in the south as a result of the insurgency - which has intensified since 2006

  • The number of people being killed in the Afghan conflict has soared in recent years as violence has returned to levels not seen since the Taliban were driven from power in 2001

  • The UN says that from January to August 2008 1,445 civilians were killed - a rise of 39% on the same period for 2007

  • Most deaths were attributed to the Taliban but the number of civilians killed by pro-government forces - the majority in air strikes - also rose sharply

  • Afghan and foreign forces say hundreds of militants have also been killed - it is impossible to verify precise numbers. Military fatalities among foreign and Afghan forces have also soared

 
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